By Paulo P. Freitas, Hugo A. Ferreira, Filipe Cardoso, Susana Cardoso, Ricardo Ferreira (auth.), Manuel Seabra Pereira (eds.)

The Technical collage of Lisbon (UTL) is celebrating this 12 months its seventy fifth anniversary. Being a jubilee get together, a whole software of occasions happened, together with a two-day Symposium at the examine at UTL. This Symposium addressed the state-of-art in significant components of excellence at UTL. technology, expertise and innovation and how universities and society commonly, create, use and disseminate wisdom have won a starting to be signi?cance over the past a long time. UTL doubtless embeds a suitable capability of excellence in several parts of study in simple and technologies, which bears its improvement at the foundation of a “research college” version. This publication comprises the edited model of the invited lectures that have been brought through favorite researchers at UTL. This publication brings jointly in a overview demeanour a entire precis of top quality study contri- tions throughout uncomplicated and technologies. The contributing papers are equipped round the following significant parts: – Emergent components (Nanosciences, Quantic Computations and Infor- tion, hazard and Volatility in monetary Markets); – easy Sciences (Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and Materials); – Social Sciences, Economics and administration Sciences; – lifestyles Sciences and Biotechnology; – Engineering and applied sciences – Nature, surroundings and Sustainability; – Public health and wellbeing, foodstuff caliber and safeguard; – future health and recreation Sciences; – Urbanism, Transports, structure, Arts and layout. The transdisciplinary nature of such a lot components goals to emphasize a compelling experience of function within the paintings developed.

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Nicolau, J. “Non-Parametric Estimation of Second Order Stochastic Differential Equations”, Working Paper 3-04, CEMAPRE, 2004. Nicolau, J. “A Method for Simulating Non-Linear Stochastic Differential Equations in R1”, Journal of Statistical Computation and Simulation, vol. 75(8), pp. 595-609, 2005. Nicolau, J. “Processes with Volatility-Induced Stationarity. An Application for Interest Rates”, Statistica Neerlandica, 59(4), pp. 376-396, 2005. Nicolau, J. “Modelling the Volatility Created by Chartists: A Discrete and a ContinuousTime Approach”, Working Paper 4-05, CEMAPRE, 2005.

Regarding the construction of a scalable quantum computer, this is a much harder problem, being tackled with a plethora of different technologies [59], and where some significant steps have already been made, despite the infancy of the field: in 2001 a NMR-based machine has been able to run Shor’s algorithm with seven quantum bits [73], and only in the end of 2005 was it possible to produce and manipulate a quantum byte of entangled particles (in an ion trap) [42]. To build a useful quantum computer remains a very difficult challenge and success is not guaranteed.

Quantum Computation and Information 49 The project is organized into five tasks: T0) Physics of quantum computation and information – pursuing specific goals in relevant aspects of quantum physics (namely, entanglement in solid state systems) and providing the foundational support for the whole project; T1) Quantum computation – aimed at developing new quantum algorithms (namely in logic), as well as at establishing abstract results in computational complexity. T2) Quantum automata – directed at developing the categorical theory of quantum automata, ultimately aiming at compositional model checking of quantum algorithms and protocols.

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