By George V. Lauder (auth.), Graham K. Taylor, Michael S. Triantafyllou, Cameron Tropea (eds.)

The actual ideas of swimming and flying in animals are intriguingly assorted from these of ships and airplanes. The learn of animal locomotion as a result holds a distinct position not just on the frontiers of natural fluid dynamics learn, but in addition within the utilized box of biomimetics, which goals to emulate salient facets of the functionality and serve as of dwelling organisms. for instance, fluid dynamic a lot are so major for swimming fish that they're anticipated to have built effective stream keep an eye on systems in the course of the evolutionary strategy of model by way of traditional choice, which would in flip be utilized to the layout of robot swimmers. And but, sharply contrasting perspectives as to the lively potency of oscillatory propulsion – specifically for marine animals – call for a cautious evaluation of the forces and effort expended at practical Reynolds numbers. For this and plenty of different examine questions, an experimental technique is frequently the main acceptable technique. This holds as a lot for flying animals because it does for swimming ones, and comparable experimental demanding situations observe – learning tethered rather than loose locomotion, or learning the circulate round robot versions in preference to genuine animals. This booklet presents a wide-ranging photograph of the cutting-edge in experimental study at the physics of swimming and flying animals. The ensuing photograph displays not just upon the questions which are of curiosity in present natural and utilized learn, but in addition upon the experimental suggestions which are on hand to reply to them.

Show description

Read or Download Animal Locomotion PDF

Similar zoology books

Extraordinary Animals: An Encyclopedia of Curious and Unusual Animals

Animals have existed in the world for lots of 1000s of hundreds of thousands of years. In that point they've got developed right into a nice number of kinds, exploiting approximately each habitat the planet has to provide. in the dead of night depths of the oceans, within the likely inhospitable Polar areas, within the driest deserts, even in the our bodies of different animals, there are animal species that experience built distinctive and amazing technique of surviving and thriving.

Field Guide to the Songbirds of South America: The Passerines (Mildred Wyatt-Wold Series in Ornithology)

With the booklet of the landmark volumes The Birds of South the United States: The Oscine Passerines and The Birds of South the United States: The Suboscine Passerines, Robert S. Ridgely and man Tudor demonstrated themselves because the prime experts at the songbirds of South the USA. Reviewers hailed the volumes because the crucial reference works for pro ornithologists and avocational birders alike, and so they stay the single volumes that offer complete medical insurance of the continent's passerines.

Filling the Ark: Animal Welfare in Disasters (Animals and Ethics)

While mess ups strike, individuals are no longer the one sufferers. typhoon Katrina raised public recognition approximately how failures have an effect on canines, cats, and different animals thought of individuals of the human kinfolk. during this brief yet robust ebook, famous sociologist Leslie Irvine is going past Katrina to envision how mess ups like oil spills, fires, and different calamities have an effect on quite a few animal populations—on manufacturing unit farms, in study amenities, and within the wild.

Monograph of the Urostyloidea (Ciliophora, Hypotricha) (Monographiae Biologicae)

This is often the second one booklet of a chain treating the hypotrichs, an important a part of the spirotrichous ciliates. It summarises 230 years of morphological, morphogenetic, faunistic, and ecological information, heretofore scattered in a few 1,300 references worldwide. The e-book offers taxonomists, mobilephone biologists, and ecologists with a radical survey offering synonyms, nomenclature and systematics, and an intensive description of morphology and ecology, together with just about all released documents, for every species.

Extra info for Animal Locomotion

Example text

The tail can be effectively approximated as a heaving and pitching foil dynamics is a fair first approximation of thunniform swimmers. Here we present a novel experimental setup for studying such a flapping foil in a soap film tunnel. Soap films provide an important advantage compared with conventional setups using digital particle image velocimetry (DPIV): the vortical flow can be visualized and filmed time and space resolved without image correlation. Gharib and Derango (1989) illustrated the effectiveness of such setups for studying many types of two-dimensional flows.

There are currently at least two software packages available for the calculation of FTLE fields from DPIV-type velocity field data. MANGEN, a package developed by F. Lekien and C. Coulliette, is a C-language program previously implemented by Shadden et al. com/*francois/software. edu/software. The extraction of LCS curves from FTLE fields can be accomplished by a variety of ad hoc methods including thresholding or gradient searches of the FTLE field to identify local maxima. Shadden (2006) derives more rigorous criteria than these; however, for practical purposes, identification of LCS boundaries from well-resolved FTLE fields is relatively insensitive to the implemented method of extraction.

This is because the lobular portions of the LCS may be included in the deformable body in these cases. In the previous section, the deforming, lobular portions of both the repelling and attracting LCS were eliminated from the analysis when the LCS were intersected to determine the effective appendage boundary. e. ALCS ¼ À S U Á n dS; Lamb 1932). e. FL = À Fext. 2 Non-inertial frame; whole animal measurements It is often necessary to measure animal swimming in a noninertial frame; for example, when tracking free-swimming animals over distances longer than a stationary measurement window will permit.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.14 of 5 – based on 21 votes